An eating pattern based on grains, vegetables, legumes, seeds, nuts, but excludes meat, fish or fowl, dairy and eggs or products containing these foods.


A person who does not eat meat, fish or fowl or products containing these foods.


Is the practice of eating a diet consisting mostly of, or entirely of food that comes from plant sources such as fruits, vegetables and legumes. There are different types of vegetarian diets including those that include no animal products and others that may include dairy products, eggs, fish, and poultry.


A germ that causes mild to severe illness, even death. There are many different types of viruses, such as cold, flu, West Nile and bird flu (avian influenza).

Vitamin B12

Helps us to convert folic acid to make DNA and blood cells. It is found naturally in foods of animal origin and also some fortified cereals and soy products. Vitamin B12 is not found in plant foods.

Vitamin D

A vitamin that helps your body use and absorb calcium. Fish, milk and egg yolks are the best sources of vitamin D. Health Canada recommends that adults over the age of 50 take a daily vitamin D supplement of 400 IU.

Vitamin E

Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin that exists in eight different forms. Vegetable oils, nuts, green leafy vegetables, and fortified cereals are common food sources of vitamin E.